Links between neighborhood risk and birth outcomes, maternal depression and gestational diabetes

Two new studies released by the University at Albany School of Public Health shed light on different factors impacting the health of mothers and newborns, with one study finding a link between neighborhood risk and birth outcomes, and a second indicating a relationship between maternal depression and gestational diabetes. Neighborhood risk and birth outcomes This […]

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Researchers show key differences in emotion, adaptation skills of children with autism in school settings

Researchers from Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) have found that children on the autism spectrum who have impaired executive functioning skills, which help control thoughts, emotions, and actions, can face challenges at school that are different from the ones they face at home. Additionally, as children experience adolescence, problems with executive functioning can worsen, suggesting […]

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Infants with history of reported maltreatment at greater risk of death from medical causes

A new USC study published in the journal Pediatrics finds a heightened risk of death from medical causes for infants with histories of reported maltreatment, suggesting a need for ongoing care coordination between the child protection system and pediatric health providers. “Newborns in families involved with the child protection system reflect a highly vulnerable group […]

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Biomedical engineers demonstrate potential for the first clinically successful osteoarthritis drug

Post-traumatic osteoarthritis—caused by degraded cartilage that cushions the ends of bones in joints—occurs after a joint injury. With the knowledge that PTOA will lead to earlier onset and faster progression of osteoarthritis following an injury, researchers including Craig Duvall, Cornelius Vanderbilt Professor of Engineering, set out to develop a drug for the prevention of PTOA […]

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Researchers develop tools to measure skeletal muscle function in patients with mitochondrial disease

Researchers at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) successfully developed and validated a new outcome measure to monitor disease severity and progression in patients with impaired skeletal muscle function caused by mitochondrial disease. This measure, named ‘Mitochondrial Myopathy-Composite Assessment Tool’ (‘MM-COAST’), is important to identify specific skeletal muscle and neurological problems in both children and adults […]

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Burnout in resident doctors is common; study found unionization doesn’t help

Unionized surgical resident programs are more likely to offer additional vacation time and housing stipends, but unions had no impact on burnout, mistreatment or other benefits, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study. Burnout in resident physicians is common, especially amid the COVID-19 pandemic, as frontline medical workers have worked longer hours amid riskier and […]

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Choosing personal exercise goals, then tackling them immediately is key to sustatining change

When people set their own exercise goals—and then pursue them immediately—it’s more likely to result in lasting positive changes, according to a new study at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. The results of this research are especially important because they were found among an underserved population that is at particularly […]

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